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Wolf responses to spatial variation in moose density in northern Ontario

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dc.contributor.advisor Fryxell, John Anderson, Morgan 2012-04-24 2012-05-02T14:28:05Z 2012-05-02T14:28:05Z 2012-05-02
dc.description.abstract Forty-four wolves in 3 boreal forest sites in Ontario were monitored via GPS radiotelemetry during 2010 and 2011 to examine spatial responses to variation in prey density. Home ranges were defined using a Brownian bridge utilization distribution, and a resource utilization function was calculated for each pack in winter and summer, based on habitat, topography, and prey density. Wolf territories were smaller where moose density was higher. Third order selection (within home range) varied by pack and season. Wolves generally selected for sloping areas, areas near water, and stands with deciduous or regenerating forest, but selected against areas with dense conifer cover. Roads were most important in summer, especially in those territories with large road networks. Habitat use in a mild winter was similar to habitat use in summer. Variable resource selection among packs emphasizes the adaptable, generalist nature of wolves even in the relatively homogenous the boreal shield. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science and Engineering Research Council, Ontario Graduate Scholarships, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources - Wildlife Research and Development Section, Center for Northern Forest Ecosystem Research, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Canadian Forest Service, Forest Ecosystem Science Cooperative en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Wolf, Canis lupus, moose, woodland caribou, resource utilization functions, resource selection functions, functional response, Brownian bridge home range en_US
dc.title Wolf responses to spatial variation in moose density in northern Ontario en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Integrative Biology en_US Master of Science en_US Department of Integrative Biology en_US

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