Pollen substitutes increase honey bee haemolymph protein levels as much as or more than does pollen

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Pollen substitutes increase honey bee haemolymph protein levels as much as or more than does pollen

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dc.contributor.author De Jong, David
dc.contributor.author da Silva, Eduardo Junqueira
dc.contributor.author Kevan, Peter G.
dc.contributor.author Atkinson, James L.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-02-25T20:18:51Z
dc.date.available 2011-02-25T20:18:51Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation De Jong, D., da Silva, E. J., Kevan, P. G., and Atkinson, J. L. "Pollen substitutes increase honey bee haemolymph protein levels as much as or more than does pollen." Journal of Apricultural Research and Bee World 48.1 (2009): 34-37
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/2467
dc.description.abstract Adequate substitutes for pollen are necessary for maintaining healthy bee colonies during periods of pollen dearth, but testing them objectively is both time consuming and expensive. We compared two commercial diets with bee collected pollen and acacia pod flour (used by beekeepers in some parts of Brazil) by measuring their effect on haemolymph protein contents of young bees exclusively fed on these diets, which is a fast and inexpensive assay. The commercial diets included a new, non-soy-based, pollen substitute diet (named Feed-Bee®) and a soy-based diet, named Bee-Pro®. The diets were each given in patty form to groups of 100 Africanized honey bees in hoarding cages, maintained and fed from emergence until six days of age. Sucrose, in the form of sugar syrup, was used as a protein free control. Feed-Bee®, Bee-Pro®, pollen and acacia pod flour diets increased protein titers in the haemolymph by factors of 2.65, 2.51, 1.76 and 1.69, respectively, over protein titers in bees fed only sucrose solution. The bees fed Feed-Bee® and Bee-Pro® had their haemolymph significantly enriched in protein compared to the controls and those fed acacia pod flour and to titers slightly higher than those fed pollen. All four proteinaceous diets were significantly superior to sucrose alone.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World en_US
dc.subject Pollen en_US
dc.subject substitute en_US
dc.subject diet en_US
dc.subject honey bee en_US
dc.subject protein en_US
dc.subject haemolymph en_US
dc.subject Prosopis juliflora en_US
dc.subject soybean en_US
dc.subject Apis mellifera en_US
dc.title Pollen substitutes increase honey bee haemolymph protein levels as much as or more than does pollen en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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