Competition between corn and a living mulch.

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Competition between corn and a living mulch.

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dc.contributor.author Martin, R.C.
dc.contributor.author Greyson, P.R.
dc.contributor.author Gordon, R.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-10-05T19:22:25Z
dc.date.available 2011-10-05T19:22:25Z
dc.date.issued 1999-04-27
dc.identifier.citation Martin, R. C., Grayson, P. R. and Gordon, R. "Competition between corn and a living mulch." Can. J. Plant Sci. 79 (1999): 579–586. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0008-4220
dc.identifier.issn 1918-1833
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/3059
dc.description The authors thank Drs. T. Astatkie, G. N. Atlin and B. R.Christie for consultation during the experiment and for interpretation, thereafter. They acknowledge the helpful suggestions of anonymous reviewers. They also thank D. Langille and C. Donkin for technical assistance. They acknowledge the financial support of the National Science and Engineering Research Council. en_US
dc.description.abstract Living mulches in row crops can reduce soil erosion, conserve soil moisture and control weeds; however, unless suppressed, they may also compete with the primary crop for light, nutrients and water. Therefore, the effects of mulch suppression were assessed on the development and yields of silage corn (Zea mays L.) in Truro, NS. In 1995 and 1996, silage corn was grown in a living mulch composed of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) and mixed grasses in a 2 ´ 5 factorial design with eight replications. There were 2 levels of applied N: 0 and 115 kg N ha–1. The mulch was suppressed by: herbicide bands, roto-tilled strips, a combination of herbicide and roto-tillage, applied straw, and complete eradication with conventional tillage and herbicide applications (unmulched control treatment). Mulch between the corn rows was mowed several times, early in the season, to reduce competition. In 1996, the control treatment yielded 11583 kg ha–1, significantly more than 6844 kg ha–1 in the combined herbicide and rototilled treatment, but in 1995 yields were not significantly different (P > 0.05) between these two treatments. Where only one method of mulch suppression was used (either roto-till or herbicide), corn yields in plots with living mulch were reduced by 39 to 72% relative to control plots. In both years, corn yields were higher at 115 kg N ha–1 than at 0 kg N ha–1. Yields in the mulched plots were 27% lower in 1996 than in 1995, probably as a result of a late June 1996 frost. In addition to the increased risk of frost damage, the living mulch also delayed corn emergence and development. While there may be some reductions in herbicide use with living mulch, the risk in cool temperate climates of delayed development and reductions in yield may limit the use of living mulches to cool season crops. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Agricultural Institute of Canada en_US
dc.subject corn en_US
dc.subject frost en_US
dc.subject living mulch en_US
dc.subject reduced tillage en_US
dc.subject soil moisture en_US
dc.subject Maïs en_US
dc.subject gelée en_US
dc.subject culture couvre-sol en_US
dc.subject travail réduit du sol en_US
dc.subject état hydrique du sol en_US
dc.title Competition between corn and a living mulch. en_US
dc.title.alternative Compétition entre le maïs et l’enherbement du sol. en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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