Life Cycle Assessment of Switchgrass Biomass Production in Ontario

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Life Cycle Assessment of Switchgrass Biomass Production in Ontario

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dc.contributor.advisor Mohanty, Amar
dc.contributor.author Kalita, Binu
dc.date 2011-12-13
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-10T18:37:06Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-10T18:37:06Z
dc.date.issued 2012-01-10
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/3257
dc.description.abstract Commercial cultivation of switchgrass in Ontario is limited mainly due to inadequate market opportunities. However, recent developments in bioproducts identify switchgrass as a promising biomass crop for bioenergy and biomaterials applications. At present assessment of environmental impact of growing switchgrass in Ontario is lacking. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the energy use and environmental impacts of switchgrass biomass production in Ontario through life cycle assessment. Cradle to farm gate life cycle assessment was conducted following the ISO 14040/14044 guidelines. Life cycle inventory data were collected from farmers, experts and available literature. Life cycle impact assessment was conducted for energy use and environmental impact using the SimaPro software. Life cycle processes related to fertilization, harvesting and soil N emission were identified as major hot spots for energy and environmental impacts. Improving efficiency of energy, inputs and biomass yield will reduce the environmental burden associated with growing switchgrass in Ontario. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship OMAFRA- UofG Highly Qualified schlorship programme and OMAFRA- UofG Partnership bioeconomy industrial uses reaserch theme project funding. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Switchgrass, Ontario en_US
dc.subject Life cycle assessment en_US
dc.title Life Cycle Assessment of Switchgrass Biomass Production in Ontario en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Plant Agriculture en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science en_US
dc.degree.department Department of Plant Agriculture en_US


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