Emergence timing and the effect of fertilization on the recruitment of large (Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop) and small (Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb) ex. Muhl) crabgrass in residential turfgrass

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Emergence timing and the effect of fertilization on the recruitment of large (Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop) and small (Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb) ex. Muhl) crabgrass in residential turfgrass

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Title: Emergence timing and the effect of fertilization on the recruitment of large (Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop) and small (Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb) ex. Muhl) crabgrass in residential turfgrass
Author: Turner, Fawn
Department: Department of Plant Agriculture
Program: Plant Agriculture
Advisor: Van Acker, Rene
Abstract: Large and small crabgrass are problem turfgrass weeds. Due to increasing cosmetic pesticide bans, assessment of crabgrass recruitment timing and cultural management response is important. This project determined that natural populations emerged later than cool season turfgrass typically establishes. While turf vigour may affect the survival of crabgrass through competition, it does not directly impact crabgrass recruitment. Considering fertilization, chamber experiments confirmed that KNO3 increased fresh seed germination. This effect did not occur with aged seed suggesting that KNO3 affects seed dormancy and not germination per se. Experiments with a model turfgrass system showed similar results where fresh seed recruitment increased with increasing fertilizer rate. Fertilization had no significant effect on recruitment in field trials. Although fresh seed was spread in the fall, recruitment did not occur until spring when seed is considered non-dormant. This suggests that typical home owner fertilization will not have a direct impact on crabgrass recruitment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10214/3577
Date: 2012-05-08


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