Census Tract-Level Outdoor Human Thermal Comfort Modelling and Heat-Related Morbidity Analysis During Extreme Heat Events in Toronto: The Impact of Design Modifications to the Urban Landscape

The Atrium, University of Guelph Institutional Repository

Census Tract-Level Outdoor Human Thermal Comfort Modelling and Heat-Related Morbidity Analysis During Extreme Heat Events in Toronto: The Impact of Design Modifications to the Urban Landscape

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Brown, Robert D.
dc.contributor.author Graham, Andrew Aaron
dc.date 2012-09-20
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-03T18:32:33Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-03T18:32:33Z
dc.date.issued 2012-10-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10214/4041
dc.description.abstract The urban landscape-heat-health relationship was explored using a model of human thermal comfort (as energy budget) modified to incorporate varying urban landscape. Census Tract-level energy budget was modelled in Toronto during four extreme heat events. Energy budgets (~+80 W m-2) and heat-related ambulance calls (~+10%) increased during heat events and were positively correlated, albeit with some event-to-event fluctuation in relationship strength. Heat-related calls were negatively correlated to canopy cover. “Cooling” design strategies applied to two high-energy budget Census Tracts nearly neutralized (~–25 W m-2) thermal comfort and increased canopy cover (500–600%), resulting in an estimated 40–50% reduction in heat-related ambulance calls. These findings advance current understanding of the urban landscape-heat-health relationship and suggest straightforward design strategies to positively influence urban heat-health. This new high-throughput, Census Tract-level thermal comfort modelling methodology incorporates the complexities of the urban landscape has relevance to landscape architecture, urban design, and public health. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject energy budget en_US
dc.subject human thermal comfort en_US
dc.subject COMFA en_US
dc.subject extreme heat en_US
dc.subject heat-related morbidity en_US
dc.subject landscape architecture en_US
dc.subject urban design en_US
dc.title Census Tract-Level Outdoor Human Thermal Comfort Modelling and Heat-Related Morbidity Analysis During Extreme Heat Events in Toronto: The Impact of Design Modifications to the Urban Landscape en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.degree.programme Landscape Architecture en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Landscape Architecture en_US
dc.degree.department School of Environmental Design and Rural Development en_US


Files in this item

Files Size Format View Description
Graham_Andrew_201209_MLA.pdf 5.399Mb PDF View/Open Full thesis

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search the Atrium


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account